Non-apnea Sleep Disorders Associated with Stroke Risk
Research and Publications
Patients with nonapnea sleep disorders (NSD) are at increased risk for developing ischemic stroke, compared to patients without diagnosed sleep disorder, new data show. Men and the elderly are at greatest risk, according to the analysis in Sleep Medicine (14(12):1341-7). Overall, the ischemic stroke incidence was 1.48-fold higher in the NSD cohort compared to the reference cohort.
The analysis involved 94,160 participants (comparison cohort) and 47,080 participants with no sleep disorders (reference cohort). Participants ranged in age from 20.0-101.7years; 64 percent were women. The average follow-up duration was 9.61 years for the NSD cohort and 9.42 years for the reference cohort. The study also showed that men had a 1.35-fold significantly higher risk for developing ischemic stroke, compared to women. The adjusted HR was 31.2 for elderly patients compared with participants aged ⩽35years.